occono

Anonymous asked: Dude the gamecube sucked

nagi-hime:

image

nickdangerprivatethirdeye:

thisandthathistoryblog:

hjuliana:

dancingspirals:

ironychan:

hungrylikethewolfie:

dduane:


A loaf of bread made in the first century AD, which was discovered at Pompeii, preserved for centuries in the volcanic ashes of Mount Vesuvius. The markings visible on the top are made from a Roman bread stamp, which bakeries were required to use in order to mark the source of the loaves, and to prevent fraud. (via Ridiculously Interesting)

(sigh) I’ve seen these before, but this one’s particularly beautiful.

I feel like I’m supposed to be marveling over the fact that this is a loaf of bread that’s been preserved for thousands of years, and don’t get me wrong, that’s hella cool.  But honestly, I’m mostly struck by the unexpected news that “bread fraud” was apparently once a serious concern.

Bread Fraud was a huge thing,  Bread was provided to the Roman people by the government - bakers were given grain to make the free bread, but some of them stole the government grain to use in other baked goods and would add various substitutes, like sawdust or even worse things, to the bread instead.  So if people complained that their free bread was not proper bread, the stamp told them exactly whose bakery they ought to burn down.

Bread stamps continued to be used at least until the Medieval period in Europe. Any commercially sold bread had to be stamped with an official seal to identify the baker to show that it complied with all rules and regulations about size, price, and quality. This way, rotten or undersized loaves could be traced back to the baker. Bakers could be pilloried, sent down the streets in a hurdle cart with the offending loaf tied around their neck, fined, or forbidden to engage in baking commercially ever again in that city. There are records of a baker in London being sent on a hurdle cart because he used an iron rod to increase the weight of his loaves, and another who wrapped rotten dough with fresh who was pilloried. Any baker hurdled three times had to move to a new city if they wanted to continue baking.
If you have made bread, you are probably familiar with a molding board. It’s a flat board used to shape the bread. Clever fraudsters came up with a molding board that had a little hole drilled into it that wasn’t easily noticed. A customer would buy his dough by weight, and then the baker would force some of that dough through the hole, so they could sell and underweight loaf and use the stolen dough to bake new loafs to sell. Molding boards ended up being banned in London after nine different bakers were caught doing this. There were also instances of grain sellers withholding grain to create an artificial scarcity drive up the price of that, and things like bread.
Bread, being one of the main things that literally everyone ate in many parts of the world, ended up with a plethora of rules and regulations. Bakers were probably no more likely to commit fraud than anyone else, but there were so many of them, that we ended up with lots and lots of rules and records of people being shifty.
Check out Fabulous Feasts: Medieval Cookery and Ceremony by Madeleine Pelner Cosman for a whole chapter on food laws as they existed in about 1400. Plus the color plates are fantastic.

ALL OF THIS IS SO COOL

I found something too awesome not share with you! 
I’m completely fascinated by the history of food, could I choose a similar topic for my Third Year Dissertation? Who knows, but it is very interesting all the same!

Bread facts are pretty cool.

nickdangerprivatethirdeye:

thisandthathistoryblog:

hjuliana:

dancingspirals:

ironychan:

hungrylikethewolfie:

dduane:

A loaf of bread made in the first century AD, which was discovered at Pompeii, preserved for centuries in the volcanic ashes of Mount Vesuvius. The markings visible on the top are made from a Roman bread stamp, which bakeries were required to use in order to mark the source of the loaves, and to prevent fraud. (via Ridiculously Interesting)

(sigh) I’ve seen these before, but this one’s particularly beautiful.

I feel like I’m supposed to be marveling over the fact that this is a loaf of bread that’s been preserved for thousands of years, and don’t get me wrong, that’s hella cool.  But honestly, I’m mostly struck by the unexpected news that “bread fraud” was apparently once a serious concern.

Bread Fraud was a huge thing,  Bread was provided to the Roman people by the government - bakers were given grain to make the free bread, but some of them stole the government grain to use in other baked goods and would add various substitutes, like sawdust or even worse things, to the bread instead.  So if people complained that their free bread was not proper bread, the stamp told them exactly whose bakery they ought to burn down.

Bread stamps continued to be used at least until the Medieval period in Europe. Any commercially sold bread had to be stamped with an official seal to identify the baker to show that it complied with all rules and regulations about size, price, and quality. This way, rotten or undersized loaves could be traced back to the baker. Bakers could be pilloried, sent down the streets in a hurdle cart with the offending loaf tied around their neck, fined, or forbidden to engage in baking commercially ever again in that city. There are records of a baker in London being sent on a hurdle cart because he used an iron rod to increase the weight of his loaves, and another who wrapped rotten dough with fresh who was pilloried. Any baker hurdled three times had to move to a new city if they wanted to continue baking.

If you have made bread, you are probably familiar with a molding board. It’s a flat board used to shape the bread. Clever fraudsters came up with a molding board that had a little hole drilled into it that wasn’t easily noticed. A customer would buy his dough by weight, and then the baker would force some of that dough through the hole, so they could sell and underweight loaf and use the stolen dough to bake new loafs to sell. Molding boards ended up being banned in London after nine different bakers were caught doing this. There were also instances of grain sellers withholding grain to create an artificial scarcity drive up the price of that, and things like bread.

Bread, being one of the main things that literally everyone ate in many parts of the world, ended up with a plethora of rules and regulations. Bakers were probably no more likely to commit fraud than anyone else, but there were so many of them, that we ended up with lots and lots of rules and records of people being shifty.

Check out Fabulous Feasts: Medieval Cookery and Ceremony by Madeleine Pelner Cosman for a whole chapter on food laws as they existed in about 1400. Plus the color plates are fantastic.

ALL OF THIS IS SO COOL

I found something too awesome not share with you! 

I’m completely fascinated by the history of food, could I choose a similar topic for my Third Year Dissertation? Who knows, but it is very interesting all the same!

Bread facts are pretty cool.

(Source: wine-loving-vagabond)

  • Hannibal Lecter: *frames Jack Crawford*
  • Jack Crawford: *arrests self*
  • Jack Crawford: How could I have missed it…

(Source: jeffgerstmann, via christmasonthemoon)

andrewtsks:

thecreach:

l0werchelsea:

hotsuburbandad:

distanceetc:

Daily Mail reporter lies to food bank, steals money from the state, and from people who legitimately need it, all in the name of writing a smear article about food banks.
Mind blown.

"No questions asked" apart from all the questions they asked him…..

Well, that is awful. How much do you have to hate the poor to go as far as to steal their food and then try and shut down places that help them? What could you possibly gain from this?

My “favorite” part is the stern, accusing look he’s given, as though he’d caught them selling soylent green.

OK, so one of two things happened: either he made up a bunch of lies when asked about his economic status and reasons for needing food, in which case he should be ashamed of himself, OR the lot of journalists in the UK is bad enough that he really did need all the food they gave him and just didn’t want to admit it so instead he wrote a hit piece.
From my perspective as a working journalist in the US, both scenarios seem equally likely.

andrewtsks:

thecreach:

l0werchelsea:

hotsuburbandad:

distanceetc:

Daily Mail reporter lies to food bank, steals money from the state, and from people who legitimately need it, all in the name of writing a smear article about food banks.

Mind blown.

"No questions asked" apart from all the questions they asked him…..

Well, that is awful. How much do you have to hate the poor to go as far as to steal their food and then try and shut down places that help them? What could you possibly gain from this?

My “favorite” part is the stern, accusing look he’s given, as though he’d caught them selling soylent green.

OK, so one of two things happened: either he made up a bunch of lies when asked about his economic status and reasons for needing food, in which case he should be ashamed of himself, OR the lot of journalists in the UK is bad enough that he really did need all the food they gave him and just didn’t want to admit it so instead he wrote a hit piece.

From my perspective as a working journalist in the US, both scenarios seem equally likely.

People run from rain but
sit
in bathtubs full of
water.

Charles Bukowski (via bittersweetsongs)

Wow bukowski so profound do you also bathe fully clothed you dickhead. “Oohh isn’t it funny that a person will eat when they’re hungry but will duck if you throw an apple at their face”

(via coolestpriest)

(Source: cachaemic, via milsoph)

philsandifer:

deathchrist2000:

philsandifer:

kierongillen:

boyfriendhook:

In which Jaime required coffee in order to sit through the wedding vows. [x]

OMFG BEST MISTAKE EVER

Can’t get over this.

I am totally reworking my sense of canon for this show to incorporate an explanation for this error. Currently I’m leaning towards something to do with cracks in time, although wizards and Jason Todd punching a wall are also contenders.

It wasn’t Jason Todd who punched the wall, it was Clark Kent.

Bugger, you’re absolutely right. Man, Superboy Prime should make a reappearance. He wasn’t consistently obnoxious under Geoff Johns at all.

This isn’t in the show, it’s a rehearsal, see the link.

(Source: maimedlion)